Excellence in Professional Education

Homoeopathy

  • The Homoeopathy way of healing was devised by the Great German Physician Dr. Christian Fredrich Samuel Hahnemann in the late 18th Century.
  • He came across an old idea of the efficacy of ‘Cinchona bark’ in treating intermittent fever due to its toxic effect on the stomach and conducted experiments upon himself in order to get the truth.
  • He deducted from the experiment that Cinchona was used as a remedy for intermittent fever and it could produce symptoms similar to those of intermittent fever.
  • The Homoeopathic practitioner follows the well-known principles of ‘Similia Similibus Curentur’.
  • In simple terms it means let the similar substance which can produce specific symptoms in a healthy individual cures those similar symptoms in a sick individual.
  • Homoeopathy has a definite and effective treatment for some disease such as diabetes, arthritis, bronchial asthma, epilepsy, skin eruption, allergic conditions and mental or emotional disorders.

Advent of Homoeopathy in India

  • The history of Homoeopathy System in India can be traced back to 1835 when a Romanian man Dr. John Martin Honigberger visited India.
  • He was first introduced Homoeopathy system 1839 in India.
  • He was during his visit to India, he cured Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab.
  • He was called in by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Laghore who was suffering from paralysis of the vocal cords with swelling of the feet.
  • He treated the Maharaja dispensing “Dulcamara” in wine, in low potency. This medicine cured him.
  • The Maharaja was also impressed upon him, when he treated, the ulcer of his favourite horse’s leg.
  • Dr.Honigberger shifted to Calcutta & known as the “Cholera Doctor”.
  • He wrote many books. Among them, which were “Thirty five years in the East, Adventures, Discoveries, Experiments and Historical sketches of Punjab and Kashmir” were very popular in India.
  • In 1836 in Tanjore, Dr. Samuel Brookling, a retired surgical officer, dispensed homoeopathic medicines to his civilians and army officers stationed at Madras
  • Further, in 1836-1867 Dr.Mahendra LalSircar invented treatment of Asthma in Homoeopathy.
  • On 16th February 1867, he wrote an article entitled “On the supposed Uncertainity in Medical Science and the Relationship between Diseases and Medicine”.
  • He was the first man to start a journal on Homoeopathy – “India Medical Review” and to attend the first Homoeopathic National Congress conference under the chairmanship of Dr.C.Hering.
  • In 1867 Dr.Salzar of Vienna was the founder of Homoeopathic education in India.
  • Dr.Majumdar, Dr. Roy, Dr. B.N. Banerjee and Dr.Younan established the first Homoeopathic college in India in the year 1878 under the name of “Calcutta Homoeopathic Medical College”.
  • Another personality Dr. S.C. Ghosh used many drugs from the Indian herbs and gave them to his patients in low potency with great results.
  • He introduced a book named “Drugs of Hindustan”. Unfortunately, nobody noticed this book, until 1970-’71, when the “Central Council for Research in Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy” (CCRIMH) unearthed the book and a number of drugs were proved.
  • In August 1869, a Bengali named Babu Priyanath Bose started a hospital with an Out Patient Department in Allahabad. It was at this centre that Mr.Motilal Nehru took treatment during his struggle for freedom.
  • In 1880 Father Augustus Mueller, a priest and teacher of a school founded by the Society of Jesus in Kankanady in Manglore, started dispensing free homoeopathic drugs.
  • In 1902 there was an epidemic of pneumonic plague and Father Augustus Muller treated most of the people successfully.
  • He established a plague and leprosy clinic. Seeing this, the British presented him with the “Kaiser-e-Hind” award.
  • He also wrote a book entitled “Twelve Tissue Remedies”.
  • In 1944, the Government of India set up a five member committee with the Late Dr. L.D. Dhawale being one of its members.
  • He was the spearhead in starting the “Government Homoeopathic Hospital”
  • In 1946 the “Council of Homoeopathy” of West Bengal was established.
  • It recognized the Homoeopathy System of Medicine.
  • D r. B.K.Sarkar, M.D., was a renowned teacher in Homoeopathic Philosophy at Calcutta Homoeopathic Medical College.
  • His contribution to Homoeopathy was enormous. His commentaries on the 5th edition of “The Organon” were well known.
  • In 1952-1954 Homoeopathic Reference Committee formed by government of india.
  • The Government of India constituted a Central Council of Health in 1960.
  • In Maharashtra, the state passed an Act in 1960. It constituted two bodies, namely (1) Court of Examiners (concerned with education and new colleges) (2) Board of Homoeopathy (concerned with the regulation of practice and licensing homoeopathic practitioners).
  • This Act was known as the “Bombay Act”.
  • They were the chief importers of Messers B and T (Boericke and Tafel) of America and Schwabe of Germany. Boger’s Boenninghausen Repertory was first published by Roy and Company in India.
  • He also started manufacturing homoeopathic drugs in Maharashtra. Mr. James Fergusson, Governor of Mumbai took treatment from Dr.Kulkarni. Dr. S.R. Phatak M.D. from Mumbai University, was influenced to practise Homoeopathy. He wrote two books they are Phatak’s Alphabetical Repertory and Phatak’s Materia Medica.
  • Dr. P. Sankaran was another homoeopathic doctor. He wrote a number of booklets around 30 on topics relevant and important of the practice of Homoeopathy. He proved the drugs Aqua Marina and Pituita.
  • Dr. P. Sankaran popularized low priced editions of books on Homoeopathy in India which not exceeding Rs. 10. He wrote a small card repertory and started a journal known as the “Indian Journal of Homoeopathy”.
  • Presently, it is published as the “Indian Journal of Homeopathic Medicine” which was formerly edited by Dr.K.N. Kasad. Currently, it is edited by Dr.PrafulBarvalia.
  • Dr. BurjorBomanBehram was an M.B.B.S., Homoeopathic doctor. He was practising Homoeopathy and died recently.
  • In 1966, the Central Government, under the Ministry of Health passed a bill, which was a joint bill for setting up a Central Council of the Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy.
  • It was passed as an act in 1969. By which, Ayurveda was recognized and the Central Council of Ayurveda was formed. In 1970, the Government proposed a separate bill on Homoeopathy.
  • The bill was submitted to the parliament and the Prime Minister gave consent to pass this bill in 1971, but unfortunately, because of mid-term elections, it was delayed.
  • On 3rd April 1972, it was introduced in the RajyaSabha.
  • A Joint Select Committee under the Chairmanship of Smt.
  • Purabi Mukhopadhayay, M.P. West Bengal was formed to study the bill. On 19th December 1973, the President gave his consent to the bill and thus the “Homoeopathy Central Council Act 1973” was passed.
  • In 1972 Central Council for Research in Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (CCRIMH).
  • In 1972, the Central Researh Institute at Calcutta was established by the Government of India and three regional research institutes were set up at Delhi, Orissa and Kerala.
  • The headquarters of the ‘Central Council for Homoeopathy was at Ghaziabad in Delhi. Presently, there are 200 units and 10 regional institutes functioning in the state. The Central Council of Homoeopathy, along with other recommendations, formed a uniform syllabus for diploma, degree and linked courses. They were called as D.H.M.S., B.H.M.S.
  • Department of Homoeopathy First Government Homoeo dispensary came into existence in 1958.
  • Upto 1968 the Government Homoeo Institution was under the Director of Indigenous Medicine. An Assistant Director of Homoeo was put in charge of Homoeopathy in 1973. In course of time, Department of Homoeopathy was formed under a Director of Homoeopathy.
  • Since then the department has made a steady progress in the opening of institutions throughout the state. At present there are 561 Govt. Homoeo dispensaries and 31 Homoeo Hospitals out of which 14 District Hospitals with the bed strength of 970.
  • It functioned in the state, steady progress was made in the field of rendering medical relief to the public through Homoeo hospitals and dispensaries by the department of Homoeopathy and there is a wide demand from the public to open new Homoeopathy hospitals and dispensaries in the state. Opening of Rural Homoeo Dispensaries” is the major another project, which is being implemented under this Department.
  • Directorate of Homoeopathy, Homoeopathy District Offices, were made of the bed strength of the District and Taluk Hospitals. Modern Equipments and other facilities were provided to the Hospitals. Unification of staff pattern was made in Hospitals and dispensaries.